These two terms are often used interchangeably but they are really quite different from one another. The manager’s job is to plan, organize, and coordinate, while the leader’s job is to inspire and motivate. In his 1989 book “On Becoming a Leader,” Warren Bennis composed a list of the distinctions:
- The manager administers; the leader innovates.
- The manager imitates; the leader originates.
- The manager thinks short term; the leader thinks long-term.
- The manager maintains; the leader develops.
- A manager focuses on systems and structure; the leader focuses on people.